Vayikra: The Wood Offering

 

B”H

Based on the teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson

In the commentary of Toras Kohanim on the Torah portion of Vayikra , our Sages note that a gift of wood for use upon the altar may constitute a valid sacrificial offering.1 How can a mere adjunct to the actual offerings constitute a valid offering in itself?

The Ramban explains the significance of offerings in the following manner:2 The person who brings an animal sacrifice must realize that all those things being done to the animal should by right have been done to him. It is only because of G‑d’s mercy that an animal is substituted.

Thus, the intent of one bringing an animal sacrifice should be to offer himself to G‑d. This also serves to explain why every sacrifice had to be consumed together with the wood of the altar:

There are various types of sacrifices, each possessing its own laws as to the manner in which it is to be offered. According to the Ramban , we may understand the differences in the laws according to the effect the particular offering has upon the individual who brings it. This depends, of course, on the reason the offering is brought — whether it is an expiation offering, a free-will offering, etc.

On the other hand, the essence of every sacrifice is the offering of the person himself ; the person must be prepared to dedicate himself entirely to G‑d. It is only then that each form of offering fulfills its purpose.

That all offerings share this attribute is symbolized by the wood that is consumed together with every sacrifice: the wood provides the constant subtext of every offering — that the person offers himself to G‑d.

The Torah tells us that “Man is a tree of the field.”3 Man’s offering of himself to G‑d is thus expressed by means of wood. One of the differences between man’s “general offering” that finds expression in the consumption of wood upon the altar, and the “particular offering” of man’s individual powers (symbolized by the various sacrifices) is the following:

When a person offers a particular part of himself, he cannot free himself entirely of his ego, for his self-abnegation and devotion to G‑d refer only to this particular part of himself. The remaining components in every personality conceal and hinder a person’s selfless devotion to G‑d.

When a person realizes that, regardless of the particular nature of his sacrifice, he is offering himself totally to G‑d, there is nothing left within him to act as a barrier. The person then can dedicate himself in a manner that transcends intellect or emotion — even holy intellect and emotion.4

Based on Likkutei Sichos Vol. XXII pp. 7-12.

Footnotes
1.

Vayikra 2:1.

2.

Vayikra 1:9.

3.

Devorim 20:19. See also Ta’anis 7a.

4.

See Sefer HaMa’amarim 5659 p. 23ff; Likkutei Sichos XX p. 176ff.

****

Ta’anis 7a

R. Zeira felt too faint to teach R. Yirmiyah, so he told him an Agadic teaching:

1.A Pasuk refers to man as a tree.

2.One Pasuk tells us to eat a tree’s fruit and not to harm it, whereas another tells us to cut it down.

3.This means that if the person is a proper Talmid Chacham, we should ‘eat of his fruit,’ otherwise we should avoid him.

****

Davarim 20.19

When you besiege a city for many days to wage war against it to capture it, you shall not destroy its trees by wielding an ax against them, for you may eat from them, but you shall not cut them down. Is the tree of the field a man, to go into the siege before you?

RASHI on

Parashas Metzora (71)Leviticus 14.4, 7:

And the priest shall command; and he shall take for the person being purified two live, pure birds cedar wood and crimson wool and hyssop.

And he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let go the living bird into the open field.

RASHI

Cedar wood: Rashi: Because the plague comes because of haughtiness and red wool: Rashi: what is the remedy? He shall lower himself from his conceit as a worm and as a hyssop.

Source: What’s Bothering Rashi, by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek.

****

Bittul (Self Abnegation; Selflessness): (lit. “self-nullification”); a commitment to G-d and divine service that transcends self-concern.

This is what King David meant when he said, Kalta Nafshi, my soul is obliterated…! Tehillim 84.3

ג  נִכְסְפָה וְגַם-כָּלְתָה, נַפְשִׁי–    לְחַצְרוֹת יְהוָה:
לִבִּי וּבְשָׂרִי–    יְרַנְּנוּ, אֶל אֵל-חָי.

****

True humility is not feeling worthless or inferior.

True smallness is what happens when a person stops thinking, “What will be with me?”
and instead thinks, “What am I needed for?”

And now there is space for joy to enter.

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