The Truth of Ya’acov:
“Heineni” (Ya’acov and the Master of Dreams)
“And he dreamed, and behold a ladder ….”
“And Jacob swore by the Fear of his father Isaac.”
“And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee whithersoever thou goest, and will bring thee back into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.'”
|And it came to pass at the time that the flock conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the he-goats which leaped upon the flock were streaked, speckled, and grizzled.
| יא וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים, בַּחֲלוֹם–יַעֲקֹב; וָאֹמַר, הִנֵּנִי.
||11 And the angel of The God said unto me in the dream: Jacob; and I said: Here am I.
NACHMANIDES : Each one swears by the God of his father.
Yochanan: Ya’acov’s Truth was his own fear [or rather his Awareness] of HaShem – As it says, “And Yaacov was afraid… how awe filled is this place….” and he vowed a vow and said, “If HaShem will be with me…. then shall the L-RD be my G-D, […]”
“then shall the L-RD be my El-him” – be my Judge –
(“I am the God of Beth-el…”
“but the God of my father hath been with me.”
Ya’cov’s awareness that HaShem is with him [throughout his troubles] came about because of his dreams!
According to the midrash (Gen. Rabbah 56.9), throughout the year Israel are in sin’s clutches and led astray by their troubles, but on New Year they take the shofar and blow on it,…and eventually they will be redeemed by the ram’s horn, as it says, “And the Lord G-d will blow the horn” (Zech. 9:4). And according to the Rabbis (Pirkei De-Rabbi Eliezer ch. 31) the shofar that sounded when the Torah was given, of which it says: a very loud blast of the horn (Ex. 19:16), was the shofar of Isaac’s ram. On Rosh ha-Shanah, which is Judgment Day, we are commanded to blow the shofar, and even though we are taught (Rosh ha-Shanah 26a) that all horns are valid, the choicest horn is a ram’s horn.
Obviously when they say the shofar was the horn of Isaac’s ram what is meant is Isaac’s qualities, not the ram’s actual body and bones, for that ram was entirely burnt as an offering, horns claws and all. Rather, the Sages were hinting to us about the Almighty, from whom we heard: I [the Lord am your G-d],…You shall have no [other gods besies Me; He is the Fear of Isaac, whom we entreat in time of trouble, saying: Answer us, Fear of Isaac, which is the sound heard when the Torah was given; we allude to it through the blasts of the shofar that we sound on Rosh ha-Shanah, the day the world was created.
Thus the Fear of Isaac takes on another dimension and relates to the sound heard at Sinai in addition to the sound of the shofar on Rosh ha-Shanah, the day the world was conceived. To it we direct our prayers in time of trouble and our penitential entreaties.
judge betwix us
As well, it says, “and I feared [lest ye take away … by force]” –
(see the Hertz Chumash quoting the Common Law of Mesopotamia the Code of Hammurabi @ page 116. “Any loss due to his carelessness he had to repay tenfold.”)
(He said, what is my sin…?)
Avinu Avraham said, “I thought that the fear of El-him is not in this place.” (the kindness of Avraham (Michah 7:20) preaching monotheism to his fellow man at every opportunity. It may be derived from his preaching monotheism [the fear of El-him] that he preached against idolatry, robbery and adultery; and to his children [Genesis 18.19 “For I have known him, that he will command his children….” ] tithing a tenth)
“And Ya’acov said, “Except The G-D of my father, the G-D of Avraham, and the Fear of Yitzchaq been on my side [….] gave judgement –
“Laban said, … but the God of your father….” [ and, Laban swore by the god of Nahor and by the G-D of Avraham. ] as he, NACHMANIDES said, “Each one swears by the G-D of his father :
Laban’s answer confirmed in Ya’acov the awareness of Hashem; for Ya’acov answered Laban:
‘Yaacov said, “Except the G-D of my father, the G-D of Abraham, and the Fear of Isaac, had been on my side, surely now hadst thou sent me away empty. G-D hath seen mine affliction … gave judgement .” ‘
And Ya’acov dreamed a dream – “the Angel of the G-D (HaEl-him said, ‘Ya’acov’ […] and I said: “Here am I.”
And he said: Lift up now thine eyes, and see, […] for I have seen all that Laban does to you….”
“And Moshe said, Heineni. [….] and G-D said, “I am the G-D of Avraham …. I have seen all that …”.” Anochi Shmoth 3.4, 7, 9, mi anochi 11; 20.2
And he [Avraham] said, “Here am I.” B’rashith 22.1, 7, and 11 – an expression of readiness, of subservience [as a Prince] to HaSHEM, the Master of Dreams! ready and waiting on HaShem to do His Will…. “And he named that place “Ad-noy Yireh” – the EL-HIM Who sees!”
And he [Yitzchaq] named that place “Rehovoth” –
(he who is Lord of a place names it; as it says, “Ya’acov was wroth and strove with Laban.” 31.36 and, “but Ya’acov called it Galeed.” 31.47
“And he called the name of that place Machanaim” 32.3
Isaiah 49.20 “The children of thy bereavement (the Shoah/Taskeet) Shall yet say in thine ears: ‘The place is too strait for me; Give place to me that I may dwell.'”
2 Kings 6.1-2 “And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha: ‘Behold now, the place where we dwell before thee is too strait for us.
Let us go, we pray thee, unto the Jordan, and take thence every man a beam, and let us make us a place there, where we may dwell.’ And he answered: ‘Go ye.’ “
“And Ya’acov called the name of that place Beth El” – the “House of the Tithe” –
“And he [Avraham] gave [to] him [Melchizedek] a tenth of all [the spoils of war]. 14.20 – (And Avraham called the name of that place Ad-noy Yireh 22.14)
“And he [Ya’acov] sacrificed a sacrifice on the mount ….” 31.54 (A sacrifice of thanksgiving – He has identified with HaEl-him and offers thanksgiving to הָאֱלֹהִים The G-D, the Only G-D, as it says, [And Ya’acov dreamed a dream -] “the Angel of the G-D (HaEl-him)….”
“No Longer shall your name be called ‘Ya’acov’ but Yisrael … as a Prince (Avinu Avraham strove with the Master of Dreams over the destruction of Sdom and Gemorrah ….) you have struggled with … G-D and prevailed.” B’rashith 32.29
And said, “Hear us my Lord (Adonee), Thou art a Mighty Prince among us….”
“And Ya’acov went on his way” (to Beth El, ready and willing to fulfill his vow, as a Prince. (see the Hertz Chumash @ page 117). “And Ya’acov named that place Peniel.” 32.31 – “For I have seen G-D Face to Face and my life is preserved.” “I will not let you go except you bless me. What is your name? Your name shall no longer be called Ya’acov, but Yisrael. And he blessed him there.” (in that place….)
Yochanan Ezra ben Avraham