Mishnah Shekalim

Mishnah Five

1)      Even though they said, “they don’t exact pledges from women, slaves or minors, [yet] if they paid the shekel it is accepted from them.

2)      If a non-Jew or a Samaritan paid the shekel they do not accept it from them.

3)      And they do not accept from them the bird-offerings of zavin or bird-offerings of zavot or bird-offerings of women after childbirth,

4)      Or sin-offerings or guilt-offerings.

5)      But vow-offerings and freewill-offerings they do accept from them. This is the general rule: all offerings which can be made as a vow-offering or a freewill-offering they do accept from them, but offerings which cannot be made as a vow-offering or a freewill-offering they do not accept from them.

6)      And thus it is explicitly stated by Ezra, as it is said: “”You have nothing to do with us to build a house unto our God”” (Ezra 4:3).

EXPLANATION:

[….]

Section six:  In the preceding verses in Ezra some enemies of the Jews come to Zerubbabel and the chiefs of the clans and say, “Let us build with you, since we too worship your God.”  The Jewish leaders respond, ““It is not for you and us to build a House to our God, but we alone will build it to the Lord God of Israel.””  From here the rabbis conclude that non-Jews may not participate in the funding of the public sacrifices.  However, as we noted above, other types of sacrifices are accepted from them.

 

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