Dr. Benjamin Sommer:
Thank you for the great article, “A Moment That is Always Present.”
I think one can narrow down HaYom as “A moment that is always present” –
in each place where I looked where the word appears, it is prefixed with an hey (THE Day) (except Devarim 29.27).
If one reads each passuk as The Day it changes the focus to the day of Pesach.
I could not help but be reminded that the Shema uses the same word, “haYom” Devarim 6.6 “And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be upon thy heart;” if one reads it as “[…] which I command thee, HaYom [the day] shall be upon your heart”; it changes the focus from “And these words” to a specific day which one should constantly meditate upon!
as in Tehillim 1.2 Meditation יֶהְגֶּה (which is related to Haggada [re-]telling that day: “Rather in the Torah of HaShem is his desire and in His Torah does he meditate day and night.“
And as in Joshua 1.8 “This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein; for then thou shalt make thy ways prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.”
As well, Devarim 11.18 says, “Therefore shall ye lay up these My words in your heart and in your soul; ….”
Isaiah 59.21 “And as for Me, this is My covenant with them, saith the L-RD; My spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the L-RD, from henceforth and for ever.
“And it [the tefillin] shall be for a sign to you on your arm, and a memorial between your eyes, so that the Torah of G-D may be in your mouth, for with a strong hand G-D took you out of Egypt.” (Shemot 13:9)
Tehillim 145.4 “One generation shall laud Thy works to another, and shall declare יַגִּידוּ Thy mighty acts.” This passuk relates to the Haggada from generation to generation….
Finally, there is Devarim 16.3
“Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for in haste didst thou come forth out of the land of Egypt; that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.“
Devarim 16.3 says Eth Yom rather than HaYom.
As the Mishnah says, all the days of thy life includes the days of the Moshiach!
To summarize, “all the days of thy life” must include all generations of Bnai Yisrael because the Torah says “not only with you who are standing here today [do I make this covenant] but with him that is not here.”
Devarim 29.14 “but with him that standeth here with us this day before the L-RD our G-D, and also with him that is not here with us this day–“
Also see 29.3 but the L-RD hath not given you a heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
Anyways, I think haYom is in reference to Pesach, the day HaShem liberated us from Egypt because we are reminded of the Exodus daily with Tefillin, we should constantly meditate and speak of the Exodus and on Shabbat we are reminded of the Exodus with our freedom from labor!
That’s my take on the phrase HaYom.
Yochanan Ezra ben Avraham