“The Wisdom of Yoseph” – A Little Gematria


A Little Gematria

In Gematria we find 60=Samech. The word samech means “to support,” as it states in the Shemoneh Esreh: “Someich noflim—You support those who fall.” This is why Shlomo said, “Lovingkindness and truth preserve the king; he upholds his throne by lovingkindness.” (Mishlei/Prov. 20:28)

The Mishnah [1.2] Says:

One may not [leave] for peah less than [one out of] sixty, even though they said Peah has no measure. Mishnay’ot Seder Zeraim Vol. II(a) – Pe’ah – Yad Avraham Artscroll Mishneh Series, page 19.

The Samech is the only letter of the Aleph-Bet that is missing from [the passuk] V’Yiqrah 23.22

Samech =60. Samech means to “Support!” “He supports all the fallen, and uplifts all those bowed down.” Tehillim 145.14

60 divided by a Mishnaic Group of 3 = 20 & 20 in Gematria = Chaf and Chaf is the first letter of Keter which is [the] crown [of the Torah].

Since 60 divided by 2 = 30 & in Gematria 30 = Lamed. Lamed is an impractical number of Gematria because it is not easily divided into a fair (evenly divided) dispensational [Mishnaic] number; and 30 divided by 2 = 15 and 15 in Gematria = Yah. One can not divide the Holy One!

15 cannot be evenly divided by a Mishnaic group1 of two, (Baith Hillel as in, “the poor and the stranger”) and is an impractical number [which must be reduced to a fairly distributable number] as (Baith Shammai says, “One for the Widow, One for the Orphan and One for the Stranger”):

The problem is 15 divided by 2 = 7.5 and 7.5 divided by 2 = 3.75 another impractical number. One does not divide a fifth of a person (out of 7.5 people) as that is impossible!

However, 60 divided by a Mishnaic group [Baith Shammai] of three (widow, orphan and stranger) is easily divided: 60 divided by 3 = 20 and 20 = Keter which is [the] crown [of the Torah]; 20 divided by 2 =10. 10 divided by 2=5. Furthermore, 20 divided by 5 equals four and there are four amoth (of personal space) that belong to each person.

As we said, 60 divided by 2 =30 and 30 divided by 2 =15. And 15 is easily divided by three which is five [and five equals the Wisdom of Yoseph: 60 divided by 5 = 12. B’rashith (Genesis) 41.34 – “Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint overseers over the land, and take up the fifth2 part of the land of Egypt in the seven years of plenty.”]

One fifth part of 60 = 12 and twelve = the twelve tribes. Hence, 1/60th of Land of Eretz Yisrael (that is, Pe’ah ) which is harvested by the Twelve Tribes is fairly divided by 1/5 as 60 divided by 12 equals five! In a fair distribution, One Fifth out of a Sixtieth [of Pe’ah, Leket and Shich’chah] belongs to each and every poor person, (the widow, orphan,) [and to] the stranger3 who resides amongst you.

“And a stranger shalt thou not oppress; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.” Shmoth 23.9

1Baith Hillel says a group two (the poor and stranger) is significant whereas Baith Shammai says a group of three (the widow, orphan and stranger) are significant, Hillel citing V’Yiqrah 19.9, 10; while Shammai cites Devarim 24.19. If one divides 30 (Lamed) by 5, one gets 6 and six in Gematria is VAV (the conjunctive “and“). If one divides 30 by 6, one gets 5 and five in Gematria is Hey (the definitive article, “the”) and it says, “for you know the heart (literally, eeth nefesh ha‘geyr “אֶת–נֶפֶשׁ הַגֵּר “) of the stranger” Shmoth 23.9. There are no superfluous letters in the Torah! Divrey HaYamim (1 Chronicles ) 29.15 “For we are strangers before Thee, and sojourners, as all our fathers were: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is no abiding. “

2 “or the thing which he hath gotten by oppression […] he shall even restore it in full, and shall add the fifth part more thereto ….” VeYiqrah 5.20-26. See also: V’Yiqrah 22.14 “And if a man eat of the holy thing through error, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give unto the priest the holy thing. “

3“And the land shall not be sold in perpetuity; for the land is Mine; for ye are strangers and settlers with Me.” Shmoth 25.23 “He doth execute justice for the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. ” ” Devarim 10.18 “Love ye therefore the stranger; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.” Devarim 10.19

Here, the Torah singles out the GER, the stranger for love, a singular action because he is in a better social position (as a witness) to plead the cause of the widow and orphan where a question of doubful leket, shichchah and peah are concerned.

On a side note, it is related in Mishnah Pe’ah 1.3 Rabbi Yehudah says: “If he left over a single stalk he can attach to it….” This statement of R. Yehudah has a foot-note which states, “Thus, the words, Somech lo are to be rendered: he can attach it (see Rambam Comm.). Rav, however, seems to have taken them to mean: he relies upon it. See pages 25-26 Mishnay’ot Seder Zeraim Vol. II(a) – Pe’ah – Yad Avraham Artscroll Mishneh Series – R. Yehudah holds that some peah must be left at the very end of a field in order for peah left elsewhere to have validity. [….] It seems that the note says peah at the end of a field “supplements” peah left [Azav – “abandoned or left” – viz, designated] elsewhere according to R. Yehudah’s holding.


The root letter or character Samech is related to the word mispeak – (Or, if you will, S’lichah – forgiveness, as in Tehillim 130.4 “For with Thee there is forgiveness, that Thou mayest be feared.”)

the verbs הִסְפִּיק‎ (hispík, “to be enough, to suffice”), סיפק / סִפֵּק‎ (sipék, “to supply, to satisfy”), and הִסְתַּפֵּק‎ (histapék, “to have enough, to be satisfied”) are all formed from the root ס־פ־ק‎ (s-p-k), which forms words (among others) with meanings related to “enough”.

HERE, the Torah is telling us that there are times when we must curb our desire for wealth, when we must say “ENOUGH” – I have enough;

Our harvest should at some point cease, and due to our generosity our field should support someone in need, rather than just than ourselves or feed our desire for wealth. For one sixtieth of our harvest or wealth represents the minimal amount of support we are obligated to leave or abandon for the poor and the stranger.

So, what is the difference between the word poor (ani) – ayin nun yud 70+50+10=130, and stranger (ger) gimmel resh 3+200= 203130=73 “wisdom” חָכְמָה as it says, Tehillim 111.10 The fear of the L-RD is the beginning of wisdom; a good understanding have all they that do thereafter; {N}
His praise endureth for ever. {P}

The wisdom to know when to say mispeak – ENOUGH!8 The performance of a mitzvah brings one advocate as it is said, Pirke Avot 4.11.Rabbi Eliezer the son of Ya’acov would say: He who fulfills one mitzvah, acquires for himself one angel-advocate; he who commits one transgression, acquires against himself one angel-accuser. Repentance and good deeds are as a shield against retribution.” Which brings us to the next subject, the reward for fulfilling the Mitzvah of Peah

In Parsha Emor we read, “[…] I am the L-RD, Your G-D.” VeYikrah 23.22 What does this come to teach?

In Parsha Shmoth 6.2 we find the following RASHI commentary:

and He said to him, I am the L-RD: [Meaning: I am] faithful to recompense all those who walk before Me. I did not send you [to Pharaoh] except to fulfill My words, which I spoke to the early fathers. In this sense, we find that it אִנִי ה is interpreted in many places [in Scripture] as “I am the L-RD,” [meaning that I am] faithful to exact retribution. [It has this meaning] when it is stated in conjunction with [an act warranting] punishment, e.g., “or you will profane the name of your G-D; I am the L-RD” (Lev. 19:12). When it is stated in conjunction with the fulfillment of commandments, e.g., “And you shall keep My commandments and perform them; I am the L-RD” (Lev. 22:31), [it means: I am] faithful to give reward.

And what is the reward for fullfilling the Mitzvah of leaving Peah, Leket and Shich’chah?

The Mishnah says, Somech Lo “he can attach [to] it” (viz, to the reward): “wisdom” חָכְמָה and a good name as long as he knows when to say Enough.

Obviously, there is a reward9 for the one who gives, that is, leaves generously for the poor; as it is written, Mishley (Proverbs 22.1) “A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.” “A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children’s children; and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the righteous.” Mishley 13.22 AND, the Mishnah Says, oolphi rov ha’anavah (“… and according to the abundance of generosity [lit. humility]). (Mishley 22.4 “The reward of humility is the fear of the L-RD, even riches, and honour, and life.”) It [the BLESSING of HASHEM] “all depends on [His – the owner’s10, lit. HASHEM’S] generosity.” Mishnayoth 1.2, Yad Avraham, pages 21, 22.

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