Isaiah 7.14

B”H

Why Isaiah 7.14 could not be a prophesy about Mary and Jesus; as alleged in Matthew 1.23:

Matthew 1:23 is alleged to quote Isaiah 7.14 “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.”

Isaiah 7.14 begins, “Therefore … Himself shall give you a sign ….” Therefore refers to the objection of Ahaz in 7.12 to receiving a sign from the Prophet Isaiah 12 But Ahaz said: ‘I will not ask, neither will I try the L-RD.’

1 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Aram, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to war against it; but could not prevail against it.

2 And it was told the House of David, saying: ‘Aram is confederate with Ephraim.’ And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the forest are moved with the wind. {S}

3 Then said the L-RD unto Isaiah: ‘Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and Shear-jashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool, in the highway of the fullers’ field;

Isaiah 7.14 reads “Therefore the L-RD Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.”

Let’s look at the phrase: “shall give you a sign” – just who is the “you” that the sign was given to? One has to back up and look at 7.1-3, 10-13: 1 “And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, King of Judah …. 3 Then said the L-RD unto Isaiah: ‘Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and Shear-jashub thy son[….]’. 10 And the L-RD spoke again unto Ahaz, saying: 11 ‘Ask thee a sign of the L-RD thy G-D: ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.’ 12 But Ahaz said: ‘I will not ask, neither will I try the L-RD.’ 13 And he [Yeshiyahu – Isaiah] said: ‘Hear ye now, O House of David: Is it a small thing for you to weary men, that ye will weary my G-D also?”

So it was to Ahaz, King of Judah and to Ahaz as Representative of the House of David (Judah) in 732-716 BCE that the sign was given – in that generation; not some future 2nd Temple generation – this is because the almah – “the young woman” prophetically names her son Immanuel – meaning that G-D has not forsaken the southern “Kingdom of Judah”

Therefore the L-RD Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

the young woman shall (emphatic, without any doubt, will take place) :

a) conceive, or has conceived; and b) bear a son, or is about to bear a son in the immediate future and c) shall call his name Immanuel.

Mary never named Jesus and he, Jesus was never named Immanuel.

Matthew 1.21, 25 says that the angel told Joseph to name him “Jesus because he will save his people from their sins.” See also Luke 2.21.

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