Uncle Bernie’s Anti-Semitism Problem

Jewish Journal

CHARLESTON, SC – FEBRUARY 24: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) speaks at the South Carolina Democratic Party “First in the South” dinner on February 24, 2020 in Charleston, South Carolina. South Carolina holds its Democratic presidential primary on Saturday, February 29. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)


Democratic presidential front-runner Bernie Sanders announced he will boycott this week’s American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference because of the “bigotry” of leaders it hosts. If Sanders wants to boycott bigotry, he should look closer to home: at his anti-Semitic political cheerleaders.

Last Labor Day weekend, Sanders was the headliner in Houston at the 56th annual convention of the Islamic Society of North America, where the theme was, “What’s your super power for social good?”

Some misguided “super powers” suggested at the conference for “social good” include actual bigotry laced with anti-Semitism: the boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) movement, which seeks a “one-state solution” with a “right of return”  for Palestinians so they outnumber Jews; the elimination of Israel from “the river to the sea,” as ally Marc Lamont Hill, a professor and author, declares; and violent hate, including a book, “Reliance of the Traveller,” which I bought in the conference bazaar for $39.99, sanctioning jihad as “war against non-Muslims” and “war upon Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians.”

To my chagrin, as someone who voted for Sanders in the 2016 primary, these anti-Semites enjoy growing influence on Sanders, building a disturbing coalition with anti-Israel groups such as Jewish Voice for Peace, IfNotNow and Code Pink. Sanders’ supporters say they are “only anti-Zionist,” and Sanders denies his allies are anti-Semitic. But when you cheer a plan to destroy the state of the Jewish people, it is anti-Semitism. Hate of the Jewish state is anti-Semitism.

In Houston, activist Linda Sarsour slipped into the Grand Ballroom to cheer “Uncle Bernie,” as she calls Sanders. She has backed Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who condemned “Satanic Jews” and said he was “anti-Termite,” not an “anti-Semite.” The year before, at the same conference, I heard Sarsour say it’s a “problem” to “humanize”  Israelis.

Then, Sanders campaign manager Faiz Shakir stepped onto the main stage. At the Think Progress website of the Center for American Progress, Shakir was editor when anti-Semitism became national news. Think Progress writer Zaid Jilani had tweeted Jews are “Israeli Firsters,” which Shakir acknowledged as “terrible, anti-Semitic language.”  Sanders campaign official Matt Duss, then a Think Progress writer, came under fire for anti-Semitism. Later, working at the ACLU, Shakir defended BDS as “free speech.”

In Houston, anti-Semitic imams and activists cheered Sanders’ call BDS free speech.

That weekend, Sanders champion Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-Mich.), who supports BDS, spoke. In Tlaib’s congressional office in early 2019 after her swearing-in, comedian Amer Zahr, a new Sanders surrogate, put a Post-it Note with “Palestine” written on it on a map of the Middle East where Israel sits. He once claimed Jewish Americans believe Israel is “their ISIS.”  Soon after, Sanders supporter Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) declared U.S. support for Israel is “all about the Benjamins.”

This past week, Sanders said it is “an honor”  to be endorsed by Emgage PAC, where chief executive Wa’el Alzayat defended Omar’s anti-Semitism. The Sanders team also won the support of Council of American-Islamic Relations leader Zahra Billoo, whom the Women’s March dropped from its board amid backlash for her saying Israel does not have “the right to exist.”  Former Council of American-Islamic Relations staffer Hoda Katebi, a former member of Students for Justice in Palestine, a group that harasses Jewish students on campuses, campaigns for Sanders. In Houston, Hatem Bazian, a UC Berkeley lecturer and cofounder of Students for Justice in Palestine and American Muslims for Palestine, anti-Israel groups pushing BDS, was among early Sanders supporters,

Sanders also enjoys the growing support of Ali Abunimah, founder of Electronic Intifada, a propaganda machine against the “inherently racist Israeli regime,”  though he recently published an article that Sanders doesn’t oppose Israel enough: “Good, but not perfect.”

When Uncle Bernie throws out words like bigotry, he ought to look a little closer at the anti-Semitic company he keeps.

Asra Q. Nomani is a former Wall Street Journal reporter and codirector of the Pearl Project, which investigated the murder of her friend and colleague Daniel Pearl and now investigates anti-Semitism. @AsraNomani

Mishnah Berachoth – “Accepting G-D’s Sovereignty”

Mishnah Berachoth 2.2
2) Rabbi Joshua ben Korchah said:
a) Why was the section of “Shema” placed before that of “And it shall come to pass if you listen“?
i) So that one should first accept upon himself the yoke of the Kingdom of Heaven and then take upon himself the yoke of the commandments.
EXPLANATION: the passage “Shema Yisrael, … [Devarim 6.4]” precedes “Vehayah im shamoa… [Devarim 11.13]” because “accepting G-D’s Sovereignty logically precedes the acceptance of His dictates. Only one who views himself as a subject of the King will obey His Commands.
(Yad Avraham Artscroll Mishnah Series, Berachoth Seder Zeraim, page 109, Chapter 2: Hayah Korei)

Studies in the Copper Scroll


Talmudi Megillat HaN’Choshet

(Studies in the Copper Scroll)

From Wikipedia-

While most of the Dead Sea Scrolls were found by Bedouins, the Copper Scroll was discovered by an archaeologist.[4] The scroll, on two rolls of copper, was found on March 14, 1952[5] at the back of Cave 3 at Qumran. It was the last of 15 scrolls discovered in the cave, and is thus referred to as 3Q15.[6] The corroded metal could not be unrolled by conventional means, and John Marco Allegro arranged for Professor H. Wright Baker, of the College of Technology at Manchester, England, to cut the sheets into 23 strips in 1955

and 1956.[7]


Megillat ha’Nechoshet, (The Copper Scroll) has intrigued scholars and laymen alike for it’s content, myth, legends, and potential disclosure of an immense amount of wealth seeming to have been enscribed thereon.

What is the Copper Scroll? Is is a “treasure map” or just a hoax? Is it a religious document and not an administrative – quasi civil document of the Second Temple era? If it is a religious document which comports with the practice of the Qumran Communities adherence to shunning wealth, then the Copper Scroll should be given serious theological consideration as to why and how it fits into the Qumran Communities theology and end times (eschatological) out-look upon their immediate circumstances within that Second Temple era.

Copper was used in the construction of the Tabernacle for the: Brazen Altar, (Exodus 38.4), foot of the altar (38.8), rings (27.4), pins (27.19) and sockets (38.10). As well, the Copper Serpent (Numbers 21.6-9) was a healing agent for those who looked upon it. Hezekiah crushed the Copper Serpent (Mishneh Pesachim 4.6) and hid the Book of Remedies (M.Pesachim 4.6) as it became used in avodah zarah idol worship. In short, it is the base of or foundation necessary for burnt offerings. Copper, “precious as gold” was weighed by Ezra, the Priests, as well as the Levites (Ezra 8.27), who wrote all the weight of the free-will offering to the L-RD. (8.34) Copper is thus identified primarily seven times in the Jewish Bible (TaNaCh) of lessor or lower importance in metallurgy and the value of metals as the basis upon which to build the Mishkan.

So, what, if any thing happened to the “treasures” of the Copper Scroll? Do they still exist or are they lost to antiquity? Although the answer may be found in the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus; siman (signs) do not attest to the veracity of the “location” treasure themselves.

For theological reasons, I prefer to suggest that the treasure map theory is a “wisdom mystery” couched in the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves. From my research paper on the Dead Sea Scrolls: As can be seen by 1Q21 “The Words of Levi

 (The Dead Sea Scrolls, A New Translation, Wise, Michael; Abegg, Martin, Jr.; and Cook, Edward; Harper Collins Publishers, San Francisco, 1996 pp.251-52):

“Then he gave me the blessings of the Priesthood…”. “Consider, my sons, my brother Joseph, who teaches writing and discipline and wisdom. …. So wisdom is a great fortune of glory, and a fine treasure for all who possess it. If mighty kings come with many people, and an army, horsemen, and many chariots with them, and if they seize the wealth of the lands and nations, plundering everything in them, they still could not plunder the storehouses of wisdom, nor could they find its hidden riches. 4Q213 Frag. 6+7 (Wise 257)

According to Michael Wise in The Dead Sea Scrolls, A New Translation; “Copper was used for the safekeeping of nonliterary records, Roman public laws, and even the private discharge papers of Roman Military veterans. More to the point, copper and bronze were common media of choice for the archival records of temples in the Roman period.

According to Josephus, …. The Romans pursued a definite policy to retrieve treasure hoards that citizens of Jerusalem had secreted during the siege. As always, the key to their recovery lay with the interrogation of prisoners. One such, Pinchas, was an official treasurer of the Temple. The historian tells us that this man delivered up to the Romans “‘the tunics and girdles worn by the priests… many other treasures also were delivered up by him, with sacred ornaments (War 6.390-91). (Wise, pp. 190-91)

Megillat ha’Nechoshet begins:

[First Cache]

“In the ruin in the Valley of Achor, under the steps with the entrance at the East at a distance of 40 cubits a strong-box of silver with it’s vessels, 17 talents in weight. KEN

[Fourth Cache]

“In the ruin-heep of Kohlit: vessels of tribute of the master of nations, and ephods. All of this belongs to the tribute and the seventh treasure, a second tithe rendered unclean. Its opening is in the edge of the aqueduct on the north six cubits to the immersion bath, XAG.” (CHAG)

[Sixth, Seventh, Eleventh Caches]

Forty two talents lie under the stairs in the salt pit.HN (HEN) Sixty five bars of gold lie on the third terrace in the cave of the old Washers House.QE (TA’AH) Seventy telents of silver are enclosed in wooden vessel that are in the cistern of a burial chamber in Matia’s courtyard. Fifteen cubits from the front of the eastern gates, lies a cistern. The ten talents lie in the canal of the cistern.DI (DAY)

[Fifteenth Cache]

Dig down sixteen cubits under the eastern corner to find forty talents of silver.TR (TAPH)

[Eighteenth Cache]

Fourteen talents of silver can be found in the pillar on the northern side of the big cistern in Kohlit. SK (SOOK)

Here, the Greek characters are transliterated into Hebrew: Ken, Chag, Hen, Ta’ah, Day, Taph, Sook (Yes, Their Festival [in] Booths [to play, tap or beat] Tamborines [is] Enough [for] Anointing)

“Thus the scroll is not a ‘free’ literary prose creation; instead, it is a work designed according to a fixed and defined (preset) structure. Even if none of the 60 items is complete in containing entries for all seven subjects or ‘fields’ that exist in the scroll, the form of the description was preset, and the author was not permitted to express himself freely. Indeed, Wolters has shown that the Copper Scroll could have been written in seven columns, a fact that emphasizes that we cannot regard this as a text with a free form but a text with a rigid structure.”

Copper Scroll Studies George J. Brooke, Philip R. Davies A&C Black, Oct 27, 2004 – Religion – 362 pages

“All Sevens Are Precious”

The Copper scroll according to Al Wolters was written in seven columns

Wolters identifies seven subjects or fields that exist in the Copper scroll

seven places that Greek characters appear on the Copper scroll. Here, the Greek characters are transliterated into Hebrew: Ken, Chag, Hen, Ta’ah, Day, Taph, Sook (Yes, Their Festival [in] Booths [to play, tap or beat] Tamborines [is] Enough [for] Anointing)

The seven locations (listed in the Copper Scroll possessing Greek letters) are thought to be by some scholars to “represent the quantities of treasure buried at the site. Or, “Another recent suggestion is that they are abbreviations of names of priestly families responsible for the treasure at that particular site.” Meir Bar Ilan (referencing Shekalim 3.2) states that “the Greek letters were used as private signs.”

However, this Mishneh states first, that Aleph, Bet, Gimmel were the “siman” (or signs) “used for the half-shekel levy imposed on the public;” whereas the Greek letters, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, appear in the Mishneh only as a secondary opinion (of Rabbi Ishmael). In Rabbi Ishmael’s rules of hermenuetics, heyqesh – comparison, the matter of whether Hebrew or Greek characters were used for designation of the registrant who had paid the treasurer the Temple tax (shekel) imposed upon them is resolved because when one compares the Hebrew to the Greek, the characters only make sense as a coherent sentence in Hebrew. As signs (siman) for the Temple tax (shekel) they make perfect sense.

Since only seven locations possess Greek characters and according to Al Wolters, Megillat HaNechoshet the Copper Scroll was written in seven columns, the numeral seven plays a significant role in our “discovery” concerning the treasures from Qumran.

For instance, this could tell us who composed the scroll or which priestly family might have contributed to the half shekel levy during the Hashmonean Dynasty.

ZAYIN is the seventh letter of the Hebrew aleph-bet which means a sword or sceptre

(as in the symbol for royal authority) – As for example –

Esther 5.2 “When the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, she obtained favor in his sight; and the king held out to Esther the golden scepter that was in his hand. So Esther came near, and touched the top of the scepter.”

The seventh letter of the alef-bet is zayin. Its design is the form of a sword. The top of the zayin is the handle, and the vertical leg is the blade. Another interpretation of the zayin’s design is that it represents a crown and a scepter. The zayin thus alludes to power and authority.

seven days shall you eat unleavened bread – matzah – Parsha Bo – Shmoth 12.8, 15-20 introduces the lesson of matzah unleaven bread; the complete nullification of leaven (or leavening agents, that is nullification of the individual’s ego or pride) from one’s home commemorated annually with Pesach – Passover. Thus, every year BEGINS with a nullification of leavening agents from our midst!

Zachor remember the seventh day to sanctify it Exodus 20.8

Shomer guard or keep the seventh day Deuteronomy 5:12

“all sevens are precious”

Pesach and Sukkot are seven day festivals

“Ye shall dwell [“B’Simcha”] in booths seven days; all that are home-born in Israel shall dwell in booths.”

For, “The Joy of the L-RD is your Strength” – Nechemiah 8.10,

“And all the congregation of them that were come back out of the captivity made booths, and dwelt in the booths; for since the days of Joshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.” Nechemiah 8.17

the Challah (Bride) at her wedding goes around her Katan (groom) seven times

under the Chuppah (wedding canopy) seven blessings are said

they the Challah and Katan celebrate for seven days

Tehillim (Psalms) 119.164 states, “Seven time a day have I Praised You.” Mishnah Berachoth 1.4 relates that from this passuk (verse), “the Sages instituted seven blessings of the Shema” (Devarim 6.4).

There are also seven “lower sefiroth”- the Lower Shekinah (“spheres of illumination”) found in Sefer Yetzirah – the Book of Creation.

there are seven weeks between Pesach and Shavuot

seventh year – shmitta the Year of Release and Land Laying Fallow

seventh year – Hakhel Deuternomy 31.10 The King’s Assembly (National Address) (Chapter of the King) Biblically speaking, even the King is subject to the Torah in a Biblically permissable, yet limited Monarchy. Deuternomy 17.18-20 Disempowered King: Monarchy in Classical Jewish Literature (3.3 The King’s Subjugation to the Torah) By Yair Lorberbaum.

seven years times seven years is 49 years before the 50th Jubilee (Yovel) Year of Liberty

Zachor remember the seventh day

Zaqen aged, elder



under construction logo



This eye-opening and empowering presentation analyzes the claim of some Arabs, that only in recent years began calling themselves Palestinians, that Israel expelled them from their historic homeland in 1948 and now allegedly illegally occupy the land that has belonged to Palestinians for thousands of years. Dr. Mordechai Kedar, presents an eye-opening review and full context of the controversy, shedding light on the true reality of the situation, of a people who claim that their nation is under “occupation”.

NOTE: Under international law, an “occupation” is only when a sovereign state overtakes the territory of another sovereign state.

NOTE: Palestine was never a state; the land in question was never sovereign territory of any country, thus it cannot be “occupied.”

NOTE: Israel and the Jewish people have (1.) a legal right, ie. the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, the San Remo Conference, etc., (2) a moral right, due to winning disputed lands in wars of self defense, (3.) a 4,000 year historical legacy and (4.) a Biblical claim to ALL of the land Israel. Thus, it should be clear that the Jews of Israel are proud owners of, and not occupiers, of the lands in question.

NOTE: The first time any Arab political entity ever called itself “Palestinian” was with the creation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization in 1964, 16 years after the rebirth of the modern State of Israel. A central aim of this vital lecture is to encourage participants to uncover all the facts, see both sides of this complicated issue, and evaluate the strength of the competing arguments for yourself. Based upon this rigorous analysis, you will have a more informed point of view and be able to more effectively present it to others. ●

ABOUT DR. MORDECHAI KEDAR: Dr. Mordechai Kedar holds a Ph.D. from Bar-Ilan University and a scholar of Arabic literature and senior lecturer in the Department of Arabic Studies at Bar-Ilan University. Dr. Kedar is a senior research associate at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies and is an academic expert on the Israeli Arab population. He served for 25 years in IDF Military Intelligence, where he specialized in Islamic groups, the political discourse of Arab countries, the Arabic press and mass media, and the Syrian domestic arena. Dr. Kedar is an expert on the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist groups.

Dr. Kedar drew worldwide attention with a June 2008 al-Jazeera interview in which he challenged the moderator’s assertion that “You cannot erase Jerusalem from the Quran,” by pointing out that Jerusalem is not mentioned once in the Quran.

Dr. Kedar can be reached at kedar.tour@gmail.com

Temple Mount activist Yehuda Glick Arrested on Har HaBayith

Former Likud MK and Temple Mount activist Yehuda Glick was released Tuesday afternoon after lengthy police questioning following his arrest on the Temple Mount.

Yehuda Glick.jpg

Glick was arrested Tuesday morning while visiting the Temple Mount with two US congressmen.

Police claim he violated the rules of the visit.

Responding to Glick’s arrest, Yamina candidate Sara Beck said: “A state of affairs wherein under Israeli sovereignty Jews cannot visit the Temple Mount without police supervising their every move is ridiculous and absurd. The policy of persecuting and restricting only Jews directly encourages extreme Muslim elements.”

“It would be better if the State of Israel stood in the way of incendiary and violent elements of our society and not of peaceful Jews seeking to fulfill their commandments.”

Last year, the Palestinian Authority accused Glick of “breaking in” to the Temple Mount together with dozens of “settlers.”


Iran to convert Mordechai and Esther’s tomb into ‘Palestinian Consulate’

At it again:

Militia branch of Iranian Revolutionary Guard tried to raid historic site Sunday as revenge for Trump’s Deal of the Century.

Arutz Sheva – Israel National News
Mordechai Sones, 17/02/20 19:38


The Iranian branch of the Alliance for Rights of All Minorities (ARAM) organization yesterday reported that the Iranian government is threatening to demolish the Tomb of Mordechai and Esther located in the city of Hamadan, reported Breaking Israel News’ Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz.

Breaking: Iranian authorities are threatening to destroy the historic tomb of Ester and Mordechai in Hamedan and convert the site to a consular office for Palestine. @AAzoulay @USCIRF @UNESCO

צפייה בתמונה בטוויטר
אנשים מדברים על זה

The Iranian government plans to turn the burial site of the Biblical Jewish heroes into a “Palestinian” consular complex.

According to reports, a crowd of Basij, a paramilitary volunteer militia branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, tried to raid the historic site on Sunday as revenge for Trump’s Deal of the Century.

Basij, being part of the IRGC, is designated as a “terror organization” by the governments of the United States, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia.

Ester and Mordechai were biblical Jewish heroes who saved their people from a massacre in a story known as . Their burial site has been a significant Jewish landmark for Jews and history buffs around the world.

ARAM Iran @ARAMalliance

According to covering reports, members of Iranian attempted to raid the historic site yesterday in an act of revenge against the Israelis Palestinian peace plan by President Trump. .

צפייה בתמונה בטוויטר
60 אנשים מדברים על זה
Berkowitz reports that in 2008, the Iranian government added the site to its National Heritage list, thereby putting it under government protection. Three years later, anti-Israel protesters surrounded the tomb and threatened to tear it down. The tomb was removed from the Heritage list, and the official state news agency explained the decision by pointing out that Purim was a celebration by Jews for their massacre of Iranians.


Jews should demand compensation for centuries of abuse under Islam

Until the late 1800s entire ancient Jewish communities had to flee Palestine to escape the brutality of Muslim authorities. The real colonialists were the Arabs.

Arutz Sheva – Israel National News
Ezequiel Doiny, 16/02/20 08:42 | updated: 07:40

Jews should demand compensation for centuries of humiliation and abuse under Islamic rule

Arab colonialism

The Jizya was a discriminatory tax imposed only on non-muslims until the late 1800s. Non-muslims had to either convert to Islam or abandon their lands to avoid it. If they did not pay they were imprisoned, tortured and slaved.

Muslim rulers instituted the jizya to reduce the number of Jews living in the Holy Land, in what was then called Palestine (the Roman term for the area, with no connection to the Arabs who call themselves Palestinians today) before the British Mandate was instituted in 1922.

Until the late 1800s entire ancient Jewish communities had to flee Palestine to escape the brutality of Muslim authorities.

As Egyptian historian Bat Ye’or writes in her book, The Dhimmi: “The Jizya was paid in a humiliating public ceremony in which the non-Muslim while paying was struck in the head. If these taxes were not paid women and children were reduced to slavery, men were imprisoned and tortured until a ransom was paid for them.”

“The Jewish communities in many cities under Muslim Rule were ruined by such demands.  This custom of legalized financial abuses and extortion shattered the indigenous pre-Arab populations almost totally eliminating what remained of its peasantry…

“In 1849 the Jews of Tiberias envisaged exile because of the brutality, exactions, and injustice of the Muslim authorities.  In addition to ordinary taxes, an Arab Sheik that ruled Hevron demanded that Jews pay an extra five thousand piastres annually for the protections of their lives and property. The Sheik threatened to attack and expel them from Hevron if it was not paid.”

It is the Jews who lived under Muslim rule who were the true victims of colonialism… “By the time the Arab conquerors had swept over the Middle East and North Africa, the Jews had been living in the region for 1,000 years…
Lyn Julius commented about the incontrovertible findings in George Bensoussan’ book Juifs en pays arabes: le grand deracinement 1850 – 1975:  

“…Bensoussan, threatens to stand the notion of ”Jewish colonialism” on its head: it is the Jews who lived under Muslim rule who were the true victims of colonialism…

“By the time the Arab conquerors had swept over the Middle East and North Africa, the Jews had been living in the region for 1,000 years…

“Under Islam, according to the eighth-century Pact of Omar, indigenous Jews and Christians were permitted to practise as long as they acquiesced to the dhimmi condition of inferiority and institutionalised humiliation…

“… Bensoussan observes that the Islamic order was built on a ”colonial” notion – submission. The Muslim submits to Allah, the Muslim woman submits to her husband, the non-Muslim dhimmi submits to the Muslim. At the very bottom of the pile is the slave…

“He produces incontrovertible evidence that, 100 years before Israel was established, most Jews in Arab and Muslim lands lived in misery and fear….

“Jews were regularly mobbed, robbed, their possessions looted, beaten up on the slightest pretext, or false charge brought by a jealous neighbour. Jews were feminised in the Muslim imagination – cowardly, submissive, unable to stand up for themselves.

“…Bensoussan”s great achievement is not just to blow out of the water the myth of Arab-Jewish coexistence predating the creation of Israel, but unfashionably to place the colonial boot on the Arab foot…

“A sovereign Jewish state in the land of Israel begins to look like the liberation of a colonized, indigenous people from 14 centuries of subjugation…”

The Muslim conquest

Simon Sebag Montefiore describes, in his book Jerusalem, the Arab Conquest of the Eastern Roman Empire (Chapter 16, page 166) that Arabs built the Al Aqsa Mosque in Temple Mount to make Muslims the legitimate heirs of Jewish sanctity: “In 518, aged thirty-five, Justinian found himself the real ruler of the Eastern empire when his uncle Justin was raised to the throne…”

“Justinian demoted Judaism from a permited religion and banned Passover if it fell before Easter, converted synagogues into churches, forcibly baptized Jews, and commandeered Jewish History: in 537, when Justinian dedicated his breathtaking Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom” in Constantinople, he is said to have reflected ‘Solomon, I have surpassed thee.’

“Then he turned to Jerusalem to trump Solomon’s Temple. In 543 Justinian and Theodora started to build a basilica, the Nea Church of St.Mary Mother of God, almost 400 feet long and 187 feet high, with walls 16 feet thick, facing away from the Temple Mount and designed to overpower Solomon’s site…

“The Holy City was ruled by the rituals of Orthodox Christianity… The city was set up to host thousands of pilgrims: the grandees stayed with the patriarch; the poor pilgrims in the dormitories of Justinian’s hospices which had beds for 3,000; and ascetics in caves, often old Jewish tombs, in the surrounding hills…

“…Heraclitus seized power (of the Bizantine Empire) in 610…Constantinople was besieged by the Persians ( then Zoroastrians)…(Heraclitus) outmanoeuvred the Persian forces …then defeated their main army…

“… In 632 Muhammad, aged about sixty-two, died (in Saudi Arabia) and was succeeded by his father in law, Abu Bakr…

“Abu Bakr managed to pacify Arabia. Then he turned to the Bizantine and Persian empires, which Muslims regarded as evanescent, sinful and corrupt. The Commander dispatched contingent of warriors on camels to raid Iraq and Palestine…in Mecca, Abu Bakr died and was succeeded by Omar…

” …Heraclitus dispatched an army to stop the Arabs…After months of skirmishing, the Arabs finally lured the Byzantines to battle amidst the impenetrable gorges of the Yarmuk river between today’s Jordan, Syria and Israeli Golan…and on August 636…

“Khalid cut of their retreat and by the end of the battle, the Christians were so exhausted that the Arabs found them lying down in their cloaks, ripe for the slaughter. Even the emperor’s brother was killed and Heraclitus himself never recovered from this defeat, one of the decisive battles in history, that lost Syria and Palestine.  Byzantine rule, weakened by the Persian war, seems to have collapsed like a house of cards…

“The Arabs converged on the city which they called Ilya (Aelia Capitolina, the Roman name (for Jerusalem))… Omar offered Jerusalem a Covenant – dhimma- of Surrender that promised religious tolerance to the Christians in return for payment of jizya tax of submission. Once this was agreed, Omar set out for Jerusalem…

“Omar knew that Muhammad had revered David and Solomon. ‘Take me to the sanctuary of David,’ he ordered Sophronius (Jerusalem’s Christian Patriarch). He and his warriors entered Temple Mount, probably through the Prophet’s Gate in the south, and found it contaminated by ‘a dungheap which the Christians had put there to offend the Jews.

“Omar asked to be shown the Holy of Holies. A Jewish convert, Kaab al Ahbar, known as the Rabbi, replied that if the Commander preserved ‘the wall'(perhaps referring to the last Herodian remains, including the Western Wall), ‘I will reveal to him where are the ruins of the Temple.’

“Kaab showed Omar the foundation stone of the Temple, the rock which the Arabs called the Sakhra.Aided by his troops, Omar began to clear the debris to create somewhere to pray.

“Kaab sugested he place this north of the foundation stone ‘so you will face make two qiblas, that of Moses and that of Muhammad.’

“’You still lean towards the Jews,’ Omar supposedly told Kaab, placing his first prayer house south of the rock, roughly where the al-Aqsa Mosque stands today, so that it clearly faced Mecca.

“Omar had followed Muhammad’s wish to reach past Christianity to restore and co-opt this place of ancient holiness, to make Muslims the legitimate heirs of Jewish sanctity and outflank the Christians.” (Simon Sebag Montefiore “Jerusalem” page 166-184)

Muslim Replacement theology

The roots of the Arab-Israeli conflict are theological, Muslims claim they have a stronger claim to Jewish Holy Sites than the Jews and use this as a justification to build their mosques there.

On March 25, 2019 Arutz 7 reported “Iran Broadcasting Authority (IRIB) head Abdolali Ali-Asgari, talking about superiority and great nations, said that while in ancient times G-d had given the Jewish People superiority, the Iranian people – the countrymen of the Prophet Muhammad’s companion Salman the Persian – were chosen to “shoulder the heavy burden of truth and progress in the world” after the Jews “pursued worldly ornaments and behaved unjustly.”

Ishrat Hussain Muhammad wrote in Quora “… Moses & Prophet Abraham PBUH were Muslims…The Islamic belief is that all the prophets including the last prophet Mohammad PBUH were following the will of the God and all prophets were teaching same thing and from same God, therefore Islam considers all prophets to be Muslims…” According to Islam Jewish Prophets like Abraham, Moses and David were actually Muslim and Jewish Holy Sites are actually Islamic Holy Sites.

According to Islamic replacement theology Islam replaced Judaism and Muslims replaced the Jews as the inheritors of Jewish Holy sites. Based on this view, Muslims justify Islamic colonialism, the occupation of Jewish Holy Sites and deny the connection of modern Jews to Jewish Holy Sites and to the land of Israel.

Abuse of Freedom of religion 

Israel allows Muslims to pray in Al Aqsa but Jews were not allowed to pray in Hevron’s Cave of the Patriarchs (Judaism’s second holiest site)or in Jerusalem’s Western Wall during the Jordanian Occupation (1948-1967).

Today Jews are not allowed to pray in any Jewish holy sites under Islamic rule and are humiliated if they try.

On August 5, 2019 Tzvi Joffre wrote: “The site where Aaron, Moses’ brother, is said to be buried near Petra was closed by Jordan’s Ministry of Awqaf Islamic Affairs and Antiquities on Thursday after Israeli tourists were filmed performing ‘Jewish rituals’ at the site on the anniversary of Aaron’s death.

Tour guide Roni Ayalon told Ynet that the group was subjected to humiliating treatment by Jordanian authorities.

“They just stripped down all of us,” he said.

“They took off the women’s head scarves. All the boys’ yarmulkes were taken off. They took off everyone’s shirts to see if they had tzitzit (religious fringes) under their clothes and took [the tzitzit] off them.

“They confiscated any religious symbols they found on us.

“If there was this kind of humiliation of an Arab on our side who wanted to enter Jerusalem and they would dare to tell him to take off his shirt or confiscate his Koran, there would be a world war….But they can do whatever they want to us.”

According to Ayalon, the group was forbidden from praying while traveling in Jordan, even in their hotel room. Walla News reported that Jordanian police arrived at the hotel near Petra and searched the Israelis’ rooms to confiscate religious items.

The Awqaf ministry strongly condemned the entry of the tourists and said an investigation will be opened to find out who was responsible for allowing them into the site, the official Jordan News Agency reported.

Former Jordanian tourism minister Maha al-Khatib said, “There is a Zionist scheme to claim ownership of any part of our Arab homeland, especially in archaeological sites.”

On July 26, 2019 Elder of Zion reported “Palestine Today has an article about Joseph’s Tomb in Schechem (Nablus) and how the semi-regular Jewish pilgrims that visit the site have “turned it into a place that spreads death and blackness to the villagers” who live nearby.

Jews cannot visit without an army escort because otherwise they’d be lynched.

The article goes through a history of the site, saying that Palestinians are divided between believing that it is the tomb of the Biblical Joseph or of an Arab named Yusuf Dweikat.

It quotes a  researcher of archeology from An-Najah National University named Louai Abu al-Saud.  Al Saud. Abu Al-Saud did not deny or confirm that the ‘Prophet Joseph’ is buried in this grave, but he said that in case that is proven – from an archeological point of view – that this grave is the grave of Joseph, ‘then we Palestinians, as Arabs and Muslims, are worthier of ownership of it than the Jews.’

Palestinianism is now a replacement theology for Judaism.  But Jews face Temple Mount when they pray, Arabs face Mecca even when in or around Temple Mount. Despite being the holiest site of Judaism, Jews are not allowed to pray on the Temple Mount.

On February 27, 2019 Elder of Zion reported “Arab and Muslim media, especially Palestinian Arab media, routinely deny that there were ever any Jewish Temples on the Temple Mount.”

Howver, this academic paper by  Milka Levy-Rubin about why the Dome of the Rock was built to begin with gives copious amounts of proof that show that the Muslims who built the Dome chose the site precisely because of its association with the two Temples.

The main point of the paper, published by the Bulletin of SOAS at the University of London in 2017, is that the Dome of the Rock was meant to be a rebuilding of the Temple of Solomon which would fulfill the need by Muslims to have their own significant holy  place in their conquered lands that could compete with the Hagia Sophia church in Constantinople which claimed to have surpassed the beauty of Solomon’s temple.

The image linked below  from the Ottoman Imperial Archives says that the Al Aqsa Mosque was built on the site of Solomon’s Temple.

Since the creation of the State of Israel Jews can defend themselves against Islamic persecution. Other minorities like the decimated Yazidi continue to be vulnerable to persecution by Islamic forces today because they don’t have their own State to protect them.

For centuries Jews endured humiliation and abuse under Islamic rule, for centuries Jews were denied the freedom to pray in most of Judaism’s holiest Sites converted into mosques, for centuries Jews were subject to institutionalized financial abuse in the name of Jizya, it is time to demand compensation.

Tomorrow: List of Jewish sites overrun by Islamic rule.

 Ezequiel Doiny is author of “Obama’s assault on Jerusalem’s Western Wall”